In 1906, under the terms of Treaty 9, the Crown promised to set apart reserves for each band based on one square mile of reserve land per family of five or 128 acres per person. Since 1906, there have never been any lands set apart for the use and benefit of the Missanabie Cree, and as a result, the First Nation suffered and continues to suffer significant damages. With no land base, and their traditional livelihood of hunting and fishing undermined with the creation of the Chapleau Game Preserve, the people began to leave the Missanabie area in search of economic opportunities to support their families.
The Missanabie Cree First Nation has filed a claim with Canada on the basis that they have an outstanding entitlement to land under the terms of Treaty Nine, and that both Ontario and Canada, who were signatories to the Treaty, have breached their treaty obligations by failing to set aside land for the Missanabie Cree. Canada accepted the TLE claim for negotiation under the Specific Claims policy. Discussions are continuing.
In 2010, the Missanabie Cree First Nation successfully concluded an agreement with the Government of Ontario for a land transfer of 15 square miles of Crown land in the Missanabie area. The Missanabie Cree First Nation is in discussions with the Government of Canada to have this land designated as a reserve under the Additions to Reserve Policy. The Missanabie Cree are also negotiating with the Government of Canada for loss of use compensation under their Treaty Land Entitlement claim.